DIAGNOSTIC CAPACITY OF DETECTION OF SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES TO PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A(H1N1)PDM09 VIRUS

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Abstract

Serologic studies occupy a significant place in influenza diagnosis. The article presents an analysis of the developed experimental version of ELISA test-systems for the detection of specific antibodies to the virus influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, and their dynamics at different stages of infection as compared with those of the traditional HAI method. The study included 20 paired samples of serum from patients hospitalized at different stages of the disease with etiology associated with the influenza virus A(H1N1)pdm09. Two groups were formed on the basis of HAI data, which showed the presence or absence of significant growth of specific antibodies to the influenza virus A(H1N1)pdm09. The control group consisted of 20 serum samples from individuals without influenza but with chronic hepatitis C. To examine the virus specific antibody two types of ELISA test systems were used. The first system was intended for the detection of IgM to the influenza virus A(H1N1)pdm09; the second was used for revealing specific IgG. The study showed the accuracy and specificity of detectable IgM and IgG to the virus influenza A(H1N1)pdm09. The dynamics of specific IgG titers in 15 of the 20 pairs of sera was reliable. The increase in titers was more pronounced than in the HAI. IgM against influenza virus could be detected up to 10 days, although reliable dynamics of these antibodies was not detected in paired samples. The test system was specific for the determination of both IgG and IgM antibodies to the influenza virus A(H1N1)pdm09 and significantly more sensitive than HAI. Using this ELISA test system, it is possible to monitor the dynamics of IgG to this virus even in the absence of diagnostic increases in antibody titers in HAI.

About the authors

E. A. Mukasheva

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Author for correspondence.
Email: mukasheva_evgeniya@mail.ru
Russian Federation

L. I. Nikolaeva

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

P. I. Makhnovsky

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

E. S. Kirillova

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

L. V. Kolobukhina

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

L. N. Merkulova

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

I. S. Kruzhkova

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

N. A. Malyshev

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

E. I. Burtseva

D.I. Ivanovsky Institute of Virology, Federal State Budgetary Institution «Federal Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after the honorary academician N.F. Gamaleya»

Email: noemail@neicon.ru
Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2017 Mukasheva E.A., Nikolaeva L.I., Makhnovsky P.I., Kirillova E.S., Kolobukhina L.V., Merkulova L.N., Kruzhkova I.S., Malyshev N.A., Burtseva E.I.

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